M Alexander et al. used healthcare records of 18 million adults to estimate the risk of acquiring advanced liver disease diagnoses in patients with NAFLD or NASH compared to individually matched controls. Data were extracted from databases representing the UK, Netherlands, Italy and Spain.
Out of 18,782,281 adults, the authors identified 136,703 patients with NAFLD/NASH. These patients were more likely to have diabetes, hypertension and obesity than matched controls. The strongest independent predictor of a diagnosis of HCC or cirrhosis was baseline diagnosis of diabetes. This real-world population data show that diabetes is an independent predictor of advanced liver disease diagnosis, emphasising the need to identify specific groups of patients at highest risk.